(How to Build a Progressive Tea Party is
a bloody long artilce. The
Nation feature that has inspired so many to get active in the fight against
service cuts and corporate welfare runs to eight pages and almost 4500 words.
So we present the X-Ray Abridged Version, with apologies to Johann
Imagine a parallel universe where the Great
Crash of 2008 was followed by a Tea Party of a very different kind. Enraged
citizens gather in every city, week after week---to demand the government
finally regulate the behavior of corporations and the super rich, and force them
to start paying taxes.
The protesters shut down the shops and
offices of the companies that have most aggressively ripped off the country.
The swelling movement is made up of everyone from teenagers to pensioners. They
surround branches of the banks that caused this crash and force them to close,
with banners saying, You Caused This Crisis. Now YOU Pay.
As people see their fellow citizens acting
in self-defense, these tax-the-rich protests spread to even the most
conservative parts of the country. It becomes the most-discussed subject on
Twitter. Even right-wing media outlets, sensing a startling effect on the
public mood, begin to praise the uprising, and dig up damning facts on the tax
Instead of the fake populism of the Tea
Party, there is a movement based on real populism. It shows that there is an
alternative to making the poor and the middle class pay for a crisis caused by
the rich. It shifts the national conversation. Instead of letting the
government cut our services and increase our taxes, the people demand that it
cut the endless and lavish aid for the rich and make them pay the massive sums
they dodge in taxes.
This may sound like a fantasy---but it has
all happened. The name of this parallel universe is Britain. As recently as
this past fall, people here were asking the same questions liberal Americans
have been glumly contemplating: Why is everyone being so passive? Why are we
letting ourselves be ripped off? Why are people staying in their homes watching
their flat-screens while our politicians strip away services so they can fatten
the superrich even more?
And then twelve ordinary citizens---a
nurse, a firefighter, a student, a TV researcher and others---met in a pub in
London one night and realized they were asking the wrong questions. “We had
spent all this energy asking why it wasn’t happening,” says Tom Philips, a
23-year-old nurse who was there that night, “and then we suddenly said, That’s
what everybody else is saying too. Why don’t we just do it? Why don’t we just
start? If we do it, maybe everybody will stop asking why it isn’t happening and
join in. It’s a bit like that Kevin Costner film Field of Dreams. We thought,
If you build it, they will come.”
The new Conservative-led government in
Britain is imposing the most extreme cuts to public spending the country has
seen since the 1920s. The fees for going to university are set to triple.
Children’s hospitals like Great Ormond Street are facing 20 percent cuts in
their budgets. In London alone, more than 200,000 people are being forced out
of their homes and out of the city as the government takes away their housing
Amid all these figures, this group of
friends made some startling observations. Here’s one. All the cuts in housing
subsidies, driving all those people out of their homes, are part of a package
of cuts to the poor, adding up to £7 billion. Yet the magazine Private Eye
reported that one company alone---Vodafone, one of Britain’s leading cellphone
firms---owed an outstanding bill of £6 billion to the British taxpayers. According
to Private Eye, Vodaphone had been refusing to pay for years, claiming that a
crucial part of its business ran through a post office box in ultra-low-tax
Luxembourg. The last Labour government, for all its many flaws, had insisted it
But when the Conservatives came to power,
David Hartnett, head of the British equivalent of the Internal Revenue Service,
apologized to rich people for being “too black and white about the law.” Soon
after, Vodafone’s bill was reported to be largely canceled, with just over £1
billion paid in the end. Days later George Osborne, the finance minister, was
urging people to invest in Vodafone by taking representatives of the company
with him on a taxpayer-funded trip to India---a country where that company is
also being pursued for unpaid taxes.
Vodafone and Hartnett deny this account,
claiming it was simply a longstanding “dispute” over fees that ended with the
company paying the correct amount. The government has been forced under
pressure to order the independent National Audit Office to investigate the
affair and to pore over every detail of the corporation’s tax deal.
“It was clear to us that if this one
company had been made to pay its taxes, almost all these people could have been
kept from being forced out of their homes,” says Sam Greene, another of the
protesters. “We keep being told there’s no alternative to cutting services.
This just showed it was rubbish. So we decided we had to do something.”
They resolved to set up an initial protest
that would prick people’s attention. They called themselves UK Uncut and asked
several liberal-left journalists, on Twitter (full disclosure: I was one of
them), to announce a time and place where people could meet “to take direct
action protest against the cuts and show there’s an alternative.” People were
urged to gather at 9:30 am on a Wednesday morning outside the Ritz hotel in
central London and look for an orange umbrella. More than sixty people arrived,
and they went to one of the busiest Vodafone stores---on Oxford Street, the
city’s biggest shopping area---and sat down in front of it so nobody could get
“What really struck me is that when we
explained our reasons, ordinary people walking down Oxford Street were
incredibly supportive,” says Alex Miller, a 31-year-old nurse. “People would
stop and tell us how they were terrified of losing their homes and their
jobs---and when they heard that virtually none of it had to happen if only
these massive companies paid their taxes, they were furious. Several people
stopped what they were doing, sat down and joined us. I guess it’s at that
point that I realized this was going to really take off.”
That first protest grabbed a little media
attention---and then the next day, in a different city, three other Vodafone
stores were shut down in the northern city of Leeds, by unconnected protests.
UK Uncut realized this could be replicated across the country. So the group set
up a Twitter account and a website, where members announced there would be a
national day of protest the following Saturday. They urged anybody who wanted
to organize a protest to e-mail them so it could be added to a Google map.
Britain’s most prominent tweeters, such as actor Stephen Fry, joined in.
That Saturday Vodafone’s stores were shut
down across the country by peaceful sit-ins. The crowds sang songs and
announced they had come as volunteer tax collectors. Prime Minister David
Cameron wants axed government services to be replaced by a “Big Society,” in
which volunteers do the jobs instead. So UK Uncut announced it was the Big
Society Tax Collection Agency.
The mix of people who turned out was
remarkable. There were 16-year-olds from the housing projects who had just had
their £30-a-week subsidy for school taken away. There were 78-year-olds facing
the closure of senior centers where they can meet their friends and socialize.
A chuckling 64-year-old woman named Mary James said, “The scare stories will
say this protest is being hijacked by anarchists. If anything, it’s being
hijacked by pensioners!” They stopped passers-by to explain why they were
protesting by asking, “Sir, do you pay your taxes? So do I. Did you know that
The police looked on, bemused. There wasn’t
much they could do: in a few places, they surrounded the Vodafone stores before
the protesters arrived, stopping anyone from going in or out---in effect doing
the protesters’ job for them. One police officer asked me how this tax dodge
had been allowed to happen, and when I explained, he said, “So you mean I’m
likely to lose my job because these people won’t pay up?” ...
UK Uncut organized entirely on Twitter,
asking what it should do next and taking votes. There was an embarrassment of
potential targets: the National Audit Office found in 2007 that a third of the
country’s top 700 corporations paid no tax at all. UK Uncut decided to expose
and protest one of the most egregious alleged tax dodgers: Sir Philip Green.
He is the ninth-richest man in the country,
running some of the leading High Street chain stores, including Topshop, Miss
Selfridge and British Home Stores. Although he lives and works in Britain, and
his companies all operate on British streets, he avoids British taxes by
claiming his income is “really” earned by his wife, who lives in the tax haven
of Monaco. In 2005 the BBC calculated that he earned £1.2 billion and paid
nothing in taxes---dodging more than £300 million in taxes.
... The UK Uncut message was simple: if you want to sell in our country, you
pay our taxes. They are the membership fee for a civilized society. Most of the
protesters I spoke with had never attended a demonstration before, but were
driven to act by the rising unemployment, insecurity and austerity that are
being outpaced only by rising rewards for the super rich.
... At every protest, a clear and direct
line was drawn from tax avoidance to real people’s lives. If they pay their
bill, you won’t be forced out of your home. If they pay their bill, your
grandmother won’t lose her government support. If they pay their bill, our
childrens hospitals won’t be slashed.
The protests began to influence the
political debate. Public opinion had already been firmly for pursuing tax
dodgers, with 77 percent telling YouGov pollsters there should be a crackdown.
But by dramatizing and demonstrating this mood, the protesters forced it onto
the agenda---and stripped away Cameron’s claims that there was no alternative
to his cuts.
... But perhaps the most striking response
was from the right. One of Britain’s most famous businessmen, Duncan Bannatyne,
came out in support of the protests, declaring, “We need to rebel against tax
dodgers…as Government won’t.” The Financial Times conceded that “the protesters
have a point” but then grumbled about them. Surprisingly, the Daily Mail,
Britain’s most right-wing newspaper, became one of the movement’s most
The editors could see that their Middle
England readers were outraged to be paying more taxes than the super rich. So
they ran their own exposé on Philip Green’s tax affairs, along with
straightforward and detailed reporting of the protests.
... The only part of the media that
attacked UK Uncut outright was, predictably, Rupert Murdoch’s empire. This
isn’t surprising given that his company, News International, is one of the
world’s most egregious tax dodgers, contributing almost nothing to the US or UK
His tabloid the Sun accused UK Uncut of
being a “group of up to 30,000 anarchists” scheming “to bring misery to
millions of Christmas shoppers,” with plans to “set off stink bombs, leave
mouldy cheese in clothes and rack up huge sales at tills and then refuse to
pay.” After one of the people named in the article reported the Sun to the
Press Complaints Commission, the newspaper was forced to retract the article by
removing it from its website.
... The tax-evasion defenders also tried to
argue that a crackdown would “drive away” corporations, to the detriment of the
nation. But the corporations are already, for all intents and purposes, “away.”
They pay nothing to Britain. They have relocated everything they can. They
can’t, however, physically relocate their British shops to Bangalore. It’s
impossible. That remnant can certainly be taxed. What are they going to do?
Besides, the right’s claim that enforcing
fair taxes drives away the rich was recently tested---and proved wrong. Toward
the end of the last Labour government, officials increased the top tax rate to
50 percent. (This is still far short of the 90 percent levied on US taxpayers
by President Eisenhower, during the biggest boom in American history.)
Conservatives predicted disaster: London Mayor Boris Johnson said it would
reduce the city to a ghost town as bankers fled to Switzerland. Yet after the
taxes rose, the number of rich people applying for visas to leave Britain for
Switzerland actually fell by 7 percent...
[This is one of my favourite arguments
about taxing corporations, and there are plenty of choice examples here in
Canada. The Royal Bank made $1.8 billion in profits in just the first quarter
of this year. If we raise their taxes, will they rip up their branches and ATMs
and move them to Mexico? What about Tim Hortons or MacDonalds? Not
...There has been an obsessive hunt by the
media to discover who UK Uncut “really are.” They assume there must be
secretive leaders pulling the strings somewhere. But the more I dug into the
movement, the more I realized this is a misunderstanding. The old protest
movements were modeled like businesses, with a CEO and a managing board. This
protest movement, however, is shaped like a hive of bees, or like Twitter
itself. There is no center. There is no leadership. There is just a shared
determination not to be bilked, connected by tweets.
Every decision made by UK Uncut is open and
driven by the will of its participants. Alongside many people who had never
protested, activists from across the spectrum have poured into the movement,
from the students occupying their universities to protest the massive hike in
fees, to antipoverty groups like War on Want, to trade unions. Indeed, even the
trade union at Britain’s IRS came out in support, with ordinary tax collectors
rebelling against their bosses for letting the rich wriggle out of taxes.
Think of it as an open-source protest, or
wikiprotest. It uses Twitter as the basic software, but anyone can then mold
the protest. The Western left has been proud of its use of social media and
blogging, but all too often this hasn’t amounted to much more than clicktivism.
By contrast, these protesters have tried at every turn to create a picture of
George Osborne, Cameron’s finance minister, sitting in his office, about to
sign off on another big tax break for a rich person, paid for by cuts to the
rest of us.
Is a big Facebook group going to stop him?
No. Is an angry buzz on the blogosphere going to stop him? No. But what these
protesters have done---putting all the online energy into the streets and
straight into the national conversation---just might. And by creating a media
buzz, it draws in people from far beyond the tech-savvy Twitterverse, with
older activist groups---from trade unions to charities---clamoring to join.
As one UK Uncut participant, Becky
Anadeche, explains, “So many campaigns rely on the premise that the less you
ask somebody to do, the more likely they are to do it. This campaign has proved
the opposite. People who have never even been on a protest before have been
British liberals and left-wingers have been
holding marches and protests for years and been roundly ignored. So why did UK
Uncut suddenly gain such traction? Alex Higgins, another protester, explains,
“It’s because we broke the frame that people expect protest to be confined to.
Suddenly, protesters were somewhere they weren’t supposed to be---they were not
in the predictable place where they are tolerated and regarded as harmless by
... Can this model be transferred to the
United States [or Canada]? Of course, there are differences in political
culture and tax law structure and enforcement, but there are also strong
parallels... American citizens
[and Canadians] should ask themselves: I work hard and pay my taxes, so why
don’t the richest people and the corporations? Why should I pick up the entire
tab for keeping the nation running? Why should the people who can afford the
most pay the least?
If you’re happy with that situation, you
can stay at home and leave the protesting to the Tea Party. For the rest,
there’s an alternative. For too long, progressive Americans have been lulled
into inactivity by Obama’s soaring promises, which come to little. As writer
Rebecca Solnit says, “Hope is not a lottery ticket you can sit on the sofa and
clutch, feeling lucky…. Hope is an ax you break down doors with in an
emergency.” UK Uncut has just shown [North] Americans how to express real
hope---and build a left-wing Tea Party. (X)
Johann Hari is an award-winning British
writer and columnist for The Independent and the Huffington Post. The full text
to Build a Progressive Tea Party" appears on theNation.com. The group UK Uncut, started in the Britain to fight
corporate tax cuts and tax dodgers, has sparked several Canadian groups. Find
the Uncut group in your area or start one yourself!